Regional legal framework

for the protection of cetaceans

The Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Greater Caribbean Region, known as the Cartagena Convention, is the only legally binding regional environmental agreement.

Three protocols deal with biodiversity and implement the Convention. The SPAW (Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife) Protocol aims to protect the areas and all the marine mammal species present in the region. Within this framework, an action plan for the conservation of marine mammals (PAMM) has been adopted.

Objectives of the action plan

Adopted in September 2008, this five-year plan includes 10 key objectives, including the protection of key sites and areas for marine mammals and the ecological connections between these areas:

  • better manage interactions with fisheries
  • assess and prevent habitat degradation
  • diagnose and fight against the impacts of pollutants and contaminants on marine mammals
  • strengthen research and knowledge and share data and results
  • encourage and supervise the observation of marine mammals in their natural environment
  • strengthen the capacity to respond to marine mammal strandings and the use of data collected
  • develop standards for the capture and maintenance of animals in captivity
  • evaluate and limit the impacts of acoustic disturbances
  • evaluate the extent of ship collisions and reduce their frequency and severity
  • improve understanding of the impacts of climate change on marine mammals
Pays signataires de la convention.

Les pays signataires de la convention de Carthagène et ceux ayant ratifiés le protocole SPAW.

Office français de la biodiversité

Les pays signataires de la convention de Carthagène et ceux ayant ratifiés le protocole SPAW.

Office français de la biodiversité

The Agoa Sanctuary works closely with SPAW-RAC, the Regional Activity Centre for the Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife Protocol of the Greater Caribbean Region. SPAW-RAC is in charge of implementing the SPAW Protocol in the Greater Caribbean Region.